Have you got yours? Almond History Book The rich history of the Australian almond industry has now been woven into a book chronicling the endeavours of those who have shaped today’s vibrant industry. The Almond Board of Australia, peak industry body for almonds in Australia, commissioned a three year project to uncover and capture its colourful past, spanning the period of almond development from the planting of the first tree in the 1830s to the formation of the Australian Almond Growers Association in 1995. The history book can be purchased by contacting Jo Pippos, Communications Manager at the Almond Board of Australia on 08 8582 2055, email@example.com or visiting www.australianalmonds.com.au/display/shopping
low and therefore easier to control. This also means the presence of rust inoculum on over-wintering leaves can have the same effect as missing an early season cover spray. Refer to Fact Sheet 14. Please note: The chemical pricing and label rates used are indicative only and you should check with your local supplier and
chemical label for more accuracy. Orchard Sanitation
Two of the Almond Board’s R&D projects are highlighting the increasing importance of orchard sanitation during winter and the management of mummy nuts. Preliminary findings from the Carob Moth project led by David Madge indicate that Carob Moth need mummy nuts to complete their life cycle during the winter and spring months. The mummy nuts provide an ideal food source and shelter and Carob Moth only move onto the new seasons fruit after hull split. The Food Safety project being led by Chin Gouk is studying the occurrence of Aspergillus spp. and Rhizopus spp. in almond orchards. Preliminary findings indicate there is no detection of Rhizopus spp. on green fruit prior to hull split, only on mummified nuts in the tree and on the ground. After hull split and at harvest the highest concentration of Rhizopus Spp. was on mummified fruit. This indicates mummy fruit are the inoculum source for hull rot. The best way to deal with mummified nuts is to do a winter re-shake of the trees if possible and then sweep or blow any remaining nuts in the tree line into the mid row for mulching with a flail mower. It is crucial that any mummy nuts on the ground are destroyed as the research is indicating that even when on the ground, they can still be a source of infection for hull rot and a breeding site for Carob Moth. Pollination It’s less than two months before the pollination season begins again. If you haven’t done so already, it would be advisable to give your pollination supplier (beekeeper) a call to discuss your requirements for the coming season. It is important to maintain contact with your beekeeper during the season to know the condition of the hives and the expected hive strength when pollination begins. I received a call from a local grower informing me his beekeeper had rang to inform him an out-of-control prescribed burn-off had destroyed the native habitat this particular beekeeper rests his hives in. The hives weren’t affected directly but their food source was and this may have an impact on hive strength over winter. If the burn-off had destroyed the hives directly, the grower would’ve needed to find an alternative source of hives.
Lindsay Point, Vic (via Renmark, SA)
• Quality Hulling & Shelling • Up to date, advanced, computerised equipment, using Satake electronic colour sorters • Computerised product tracking and recording • Catering for all producers, large and small For enquiries contact Mark Webber: Ph: 08 8595 8080 Mob: 0429 807 315 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For further information contact:
Brett Rosenzweig Industry Development Officer Almond Board of Australia P 08 8582 2055 or 0429 837 137 E: email@example.com