suspect one of the high-risk pests or even another pest that represents a risk to your farm and the industry. Your call will be forwarded to an experienced person in the state department of agriculture who will ask some questions about what you have seen and may arrange to collect a sample. Every report will be taken seriously, checked out and treated confidentially. Further details about the reporting, sampling and identification process are covered in the Nut Industry Biosecurity Plan. Once reported, if inquiries confirm the presence of an exotic pest then authorities will work with the industry to swing an action plan into place. Actions are guided by the seriousness of the pest incursion. If the pest can be stamped out, an eradication response may be launched with actions guided Signage Put up signs at the main entrances to your property, detailing your biosecurity requirements. People Ensure that all visitors’ clothing, footwear and tools are free of loose soil or plant matter before entering and leaving the property. Provide a concrete wash-down area at the property entrance and near the main buildings, with a sump that can be inspected for weeds or weed seeds. Provide scrubbing brushes and footbaths for people entering or leaving your property, or moving from contaminated to clean areas of the property. Animals Inspect new livestock for exotic weeds, seeds and burrs. Vehicles Keep farm vehicles clean by frequently cleaning the floor of the vehicle of soil, grass and weed seeds and insects. Wash down vehicles entering the property and direct the wastewater into a sump. Regularly check the sump for evidence of weeds or weed seeds.
by the Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed (EPPRD) and the agreed technical response plant – PLANTPLAN. If eradication is not thought technical feasible or economically beneficial, then actions may be directed at containment and control. Why Report? So long as your industry representative body is a signatory to the EPPRD, if a response or action plan directs the destruction of a crop or orchard on yours or any other farm under the EPPRD provisions, then there are provisions for growers to be reimbursed for the market value of the crop or property destroyed. This means that no one grower pays the cost for saving the industry from that pest, and protections Where possible, use your own vehicle to carry visitors around the property. Machinery and Equipment In production areas of the property, keep vehicle movement to a minimum, especially when the soil is wet. Hose of machinery before moving from a contaminated to a clean area of the property. Work clean areas of the property first and contaminated last. Use high pressure water to wash all tools and equipment, including secateurs, grafting knives, pallets and palecons, boxes, bags, harvesters, sprayers, trimmers, tractors, trailers and any other equipment used on the farm. The same principles should be applied to borrowed equipment and machinery purchased at clearing sales. Planting and Propagation Material Use propagation stock that is free of pests, diseases and weeds and regularly check crops for signs of pests, diseases and weeds. Fruit and Fruit By-Products Maintain an effective monitoring/ pest management program. A
are provided to encourage active surveillance and early reporting. It is important to remember that an exotic incursion will eventually be detected, but if left unreported may quickly spread until too established and widespread to eradicate. This could ultimately result in far greater losses to individual growers and the whole industry for many years to come. Important - other ways to minimise risk Looking-out for new pests is just one of the risk minimisation strategies for Almond growers. See the separate panel, ‘On-farm Biosecurity Check-List’, for a guide. Are you doing all these things? ‘spray diary’ record should accompany each consignment of fruit and fruit products. Fruit should be loaded onto trucks on a concrete or bitumen pad outside the production area. Waste from fruit should not be disposed of close to fruit trees on the property. It should be disposed of at least 100 metres from the nearest fruit trees. Alternatively, any waste can be hot- composted. Ensure that no soil, leaf-material or insects are left adhering to, or are left in the container where fruit has been packed in the field. Weeds Collect seed heads, burrs and weed seedlings in a container with a fitted lid to reduce the risk of spread. Control water runoff and soil erosion from contaminated areas and dispose of plant residues promptly. Control weeds before they set seed. When purchasing garden plants, check with the supplier if they have the potential to establish in the wild as an agricultural and/or environmental pest